In 1709, the German alchemist Johann Betger developed his own technology for making the world's first solid porcelain, characterized by strength, high resistance to heat and acids, as well as a clean bell with a light blow on it. A year later, the first production plant opened in Meissen. Immediately developed stable pigments, which are still used. Initially, the products were decorated with paintings depicting natural beauty and ornaments in Chinese and Japanese style. But over time, they were replaced by German motifs - mainly lace patterns and flowers. The most popular were and remain products with an "onion pattern". Meissen porcelain is still made by hand.